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The Greeks ultimately win over Troy, because it was the Trojans who violated xenia. examples of xenia in the iliad. We can help. They believed the gods might send a stranger to someone's house, or a god himself might come disguised as a beggar to test someone. In the Homeric epics, good Xenia was what a proper Greek practiced when receiving strangers/guests. It was as important to give such gifts as to receive, and refusal to reciprocate as tantamount to a declaration of hostility. In the Iliad. The launching of a thousand ships, the war, and the grim deaths of heroes on both sides come about from this violation. The second reason xenia was important was because "e very stranger and beggar comes from Zeus" (Odyssey 14.64). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Iliad and what it means. For instance, when Odysseus sails to the island of the cyclops, the monster’s treatment of Odysseus and his sailors is a violation of the custom of xenia. The Greek guest-friendship xenia may have been formed from this. Xenia is a prevalent theme in the book and holds a central place in The Odyssey. The world of the Iliad is a world of cosmic conflict. Detailed Summary & Analysis Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Book 11 Book 12 Book 13 Book 14 Book 15 Book 16 Book 17 Book 18 Book 19 Book 20 Book 21 Book 22 Book 23 Book 24 These stories caution mortals that any guest should be treated as if potentially a disguised divinity and help establish the idea of xenia as a fundamental Greek custom. Book III makes it clear that human passion must be controlled if men are to be successful. Basically, it was a form of ritual friendship between members of different clans or social groups. Quote "Cyclops, if any mortal man ever asks you who it was that inflicted upon your eye this shameful blinding, tell them you were blinded by Odysseus, sacker of cities." The good thing is, "guest-friendship" (called xenia in Ancient Greek) isn't all that complicated. But his discussion of the Homeric evidence reveals some of the difficulties in using literary sources, espe-cially epic poetry, for sociological interpretation. Xenia is an institution as important as any other in the culture of a community, is empowered by the Greek god, Zeus, the protector of travellers. The Iliad deals with only a small portion of the Trojan War; in fact, it covers only a few months during the tenth year of that war.The ancient Greek audience, however, would have been familiar with all the events leading up to this tenth year, and during the course of the Iliad, Homer makes many references to various past events. The cyclops is punished for the transgression. The entire Homeric epic begins with an example of bad xenia when Paris, who is a guest of Menelaus at Plot Summary. List TWO examples of good xenia in The Odyssey, and one example of bad xenia. As such, it played a prominent role in the works of authors, most specifically Homer. 3. It established strong bonds between the two parties which might be beneficial in the future. Nonetheless, this essay will argue that while Xenia solidifies relationships between mortal men, it ultimately can be used as a tool of segregation between man and the mythical, as well as dehumanizing those of different cultures and religions. Hector is a different kind of hero than Achilles, less godlike but more connected to the people around him. This is the first, and only, breach of xenia in all of the Iliad, with good cause. Paris, from the house of Priam of Troy, was a guest of Menelaus, king of Mycenaean Sparta, but seriously transgressed the bounds of xenia by abducting his host's wife, Helen. Mortals fight gods and gods fight each other. This allowed for the members of the relationship to safely travel into the other member’s territory and receive a place to stay and something to eat. When xenia was violated, bad things happened. Xenia was especially important between individuals of the same social class. I love manga, anime, history, sci-fi, video games, and technology. Trusting that Paris would respect the laws of xenia, Menelaos left only to return and find that his beautiful wife Eleni – known as “Oraia Eleni” or “fair Helen” – had been taken to Troy…. Reece writes that there are 18 hospitality scenes in Homeric literature: 12 from the Odyssey, four in the Iliad, and two in the Homeric Hymns (5). (Click the themes infographic to download.). Xenia is the Homeric Greek concept of hospitality. Paris , from the house of Priam of Troy , was a guest of Menelaus , king of Mycenaean Sparta , but seriously transgressed the bounds of xenia by abducting his host's wife, Helen . xenia in the iliad; xenia in the iliad 10 November, 2020 Leave a Comment Written by . Throughout the book, Zeus demands the highest level of Xenia, yet some people do not abide by his rules. Sample Answer. Xenia, usually translated as “guest-friendship” is an important part of the mores of the ancient Greeks during the Bronze Age; a person is required to welcome travelers into his home as guests and the expectation is that the host provides a warm place to sleep, good food, a bath, wine and entertainment. The Odyssey of Homer was a very interesting story, with many weird and unexplainable occurrences and happenings.A certain interesting fact from the Odyssey was the continuing hospitality shown and given by Penelope (the wife of Odysseus) and Telemachus (the son of Odysseus).In Ancient Greece there was a tradition called xenia. Within the Iliad, Homer incorporates these two conflicting viewpoints into a complex and deep attitude towards war. The Iliad Introduction + Context. Introduction to the Poem. Despite its incredible length, The Iliad is really just about two things. The Trojan war described in the Iliad of Homer actually resulted from a violation of xenia. (Homer, poet behind the Iliad and Odyssey.Image found here.). Although the Iliad begins by outlining its subject as the wrath of Achilles, the poem ends with the burial of Hector. In the Iliad, a guest falls in love with the wife of a host and kidnaps her. In the Iliad. Telemachus, the focus of the first four books of The Odyssey, provides an early example of good hospitality as both a host and a guest. Compare and contrast essay on Xenia from Homer’s Iliad and Odysseus. Xenia from Homer’s Iliad and Odysseus. The Trojan war described in the Iliad of Homer actually resulted from a violation of xenia. Compare and contrast essay on Xenia from Homer’s Iliad and Odysseus. In Homer’s Iliad as converyed by the … The Iliad Book 6 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. In the Iliad The Trojan war described in the Iliad of Homer actually resulted from a violation of xenia.Paris, from the house of Priam of Troy, was a guest of Menelaus, king of Mycenaean Sparta, but seriously transgressed the bounds of xenia by abducting his host’s wife, Helen. and so the Trojan War began. The Greeks had a great fear of the gods and believed that they involved themselves in human affairs. The gods help their favorite mortals both directly and indirectly. Paris, from the house of Priam of Troy, was a guest of Menelaus, king of Mycenaean Sparta, but seriously transgressed the bounds of xenia by abducting his host's wife, Helen. A summary of Part X (Section13) in Homer's The Iliad. In fact, some of the most significant information we have about the concept of Xenia, as it relates to cultural norms come from the work of Homer, and the examples of hospitality demonstrated in the protagonist’s journeys in the Iliad and the Odyssey. Xenia can be loosely translated as guest-friendship. He thus embodied the religious obligation to be hospitable to travelers. Xenia, the Greek concept of hospitality and the guest-host relationship, was, according to M.I. The gods take sides in the Iliad. Xenia is the Greek relationship between two people from different regions. It was no light matter. Is this question part of your Assignment? The Concept of Xenia. Our aim is to help you get A + grades on your Coursework. Friendship is an important motivation for many characters in the Iliad; at times, it can make them act in ways that you wouldn't expect, given their other loyalties.For example, when the Trojan Glaukos and the Achaian Diomedes discover that their ancestors were bound by ties of "guest-friendship" or xenia, they decide that they can't kill each other. Such friendships often sprang up between travelers and their hosts—hence the name. 2020.11.06. will analyze two themes from Homer’s epic’s pertaining to the Iliad and the Odyssey. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. However, I must digress and explain what an epic hero is. Xenia, the ancient Greek concept of hospitality, was one of the foremost forces in Homer’s Iliad. Both the Odyssey and the Iliad are filled with episodes in which xenia is either honored or ignored and the subsequent consequences are notable. Finley in “The World of Odysseus”, a powerful institution in Ancient Greek times which solidified relationships between peoples and created alliances (100). Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The Achaeans respect it above nearly all else, and failure to adhere to its strict customs could lead to the forfeiture of countless souls. It is not polite to ask questions until the guest has stated their needs. Download Citation | On Jan 31, 2019, Alla Voloshina published About Xenia on the Material of the Poems “Iliad” and “Odyssey” | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate First, the Greek concept of Xenia, or hospitality to strangers. Poseidon, the Greek god of the ocean, plays an important role in the Trojan War with the Greeks that plays out in Homer's 'The Iliad.' For images of the gods, see The Olympian Gods: Images and Texts. By fighting with Menelaos and abiding by the terms of the truce, Paris could end the war that his actions caused. Breeching of Xenia has played a very important role in history and myths of the Greeks. institutions of xenia and hiketeia.' How xenia is a two way relationship that needs to respected by both the guest and host in order to work. And second, the Wrath of Achilles. The skillful structuring of sections of the Iliad, such as in Book III, suggests that a single author lay behind the composition of the poem. In the Iliad The Trojan war described in the Iliad of Homer resulted from a violation of xenia. The Gods in the Iliad. Xenia from Homer’s Iliad and Odysseus. All the people of Troy grieve his loss, and the … He suggests that the Homeric suppliant can force acceptance of his plea because of the power inherent in the gestures themselves. All the people around him really just about two things same social class gods help favorite..., Zeus demands the highest level of xenia, the Greek concept of hospitality and the subsequent consequences notable... Between members of different clans or social groups love with the wife of host... Paris could end the war, and one example of bad xenia a host kidnaps! Friendships often sprang up between travelers and their hosts—hence the name the guest stated! 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