HEALTH IN GENETIC TESTING. Health Issues . Disqualifying Faults: Merle pattern/blotched per competition.”, The Merle Coat Pattern has no place in the American Bully breed. Before diving into common English Bulldog health issues, let’s explore how … There are several answers to this question, the first being pure ignorance. Both issues are associated with the lack of pigment. Coat color introduction takes place when a different breed that already carries that color or pattern (in this case, probably a chihuahua) is mixed into the genetic pool. Merle gene might not express itself in cream or fawn-colored French Bulldogs. What began in the Bulldog has now trickled over into the American Bully breed as fad breeders have rushed to cash in on a marketing ploy to generate higher sales. The strength of the other colours in the dog’s coat (tan and black, or red and tan) can vary as well, with some merles appearing to have extremely pale colouring all over, while others can have quite strong patches of colour. While the paper registration form shows correct colors and markings for our breed, the online registration form includes a whole host of additional “Non-Standard” colors and markings, as does the Bulldog breed information page on the AKC website. Merle is one those things. We think they are awesome. Since many reputable French bulldog breeders don’t admit merle Frenchies, we want to relieve why it’s like that. However, two merle dogs should not be bred to avoid health defects. French Bulldogs, in general, are known to be prone to several medical issues. The merle and double merle gene expressions can influence the development of major organs and the nervous system. Dogs do not "carry" merle. You see? When two merles are bred together you have a higher risk of deafness and blindness. Merle patterning - patches of lighter colouring appearing in the coat - is the result of the M gene in the dog. The merle patterning is created by a particular gene in the dog. Equally, pet owners with two merles may breed their dogs without realising the consequences. Of course there is now the Isabella Merle as well â on the right. The truth is that no French Bulldog has the Merle … In certain breeds of dog, there is a coat pattern known as ‘merle’. The merle and double merle gene expressions present the most risk for eye health issues. They are showing up in Canada, England, France, Australia, Mexico and many South American countries. About a century ago, early breeders of French Bulldogs globally, noticed these factors all, and blacklisted “Blue” frenchies, thus making difficult to conduct official tests on the large scale. Letâs just assume an introduction took place to create blue Merle French Bulldogs. They possess unique coats that take a lot of controversies. It should be noted that the purebred French Bulldog gene pool does not carry the merle gene. Pictured below is a chocolate Merle Frenchie puppy called Clara. Never heard of IVDD? Merle French Bulldog What is a Merle French Bulldog? The color is very controversial in breeding circles, but is it true that a blue Merle French bulldog equals health problems? Needless to say, the deliberate breeding of double merles causes a lot of controversy in the canine world — certain official bodies (such as the Kennel Club in the UK) have clamped down on the practice, refusing to register dogs that are a result of merle-to-merle breeding. We are seeing an alarming increase in the numbers of breeders purposefully breeding for and advertising “exotic”, “fad” or “rare color” Bulldogs. What other Merle French Bulldog color combinations exist? The MM type is also associated with abnormalities of the skeletal system, cardiac ( heart) and reproductive systems. Unfortunately, there are health problems associated with the merle mutation and the risk of these problems occurring increases when two merle coated dogs are mated together. All non-merles are mm. Their coats are normally marked and they are not plagued with hearing or vision problems. While many exotic & micro bully breeders have rushed to cash in on this short term fad- marketing their puppies as “rare colored” it won’t have any longevity. Ghost Merle is a standard colored looking French Bulldog with a yellow/cream coat, that is secretly a merle Frenchie. Like we previously mentioned, breeding two merle dogs can end in genetic abnormalities, but there is another reason why the merle gene can be problematic in the French Bulldog breed. You are not the only one. The following breeds carry merle and are recognized by the AKC as an acceptable color: Australian Shepherd, Border Collie, Cardigan Welsh Corgi, Catahoula Leopard Dog, Chihuahua, Cocker Spaniel, Collie (rough or smooth), Dachshund (called dapple), Great Dane (harlequin acts the same), Mudi, Old English Sheepdog, Pomeranian, Pyrenean Shepherd, and Shetland Sheepdog. The Merle pattern plays the same role with pigment removal as the pied/piebald pattern, so Merle dogs that are also pied carriers should preferably not be bred other Pied French Bulldogs. Respiratory system issues are quite common among breeds with a short muzzle, just like the French bulldog. Merle French bulldog puppies are one of the rarest French bulldog colors. While all of the breeds with the merle coat pattern produce blue merles, only certain breeds produce red merles. This is currently the rarest and most expensive color in the French Bulldog breed. Standard color breeders and AKC show competitors look down upon exotic colored French Bulldogs like merles, lilacs, blues, chocolates, etc, and consider them to be un-pure and unacceptable. The problem stems from unscrupulous breeders and AKC’s practice of registering these Non-Standard colors. Heterochromia. Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome One copy of the merle gene causes a marbling effect on the coat and creates lighter spots throughout the solid color coat. Coat colour in the French Bulldog is complex because a range of colours is acceptable. It doesn’t matter what color merle or what breed they are. The current wording in the BCA Written Standard for color is “preferred” colors, and black is “highly objectionable”. Merle coloured French bulldogs have the most peculiar and unusual coat colour. Ideally anyone selling a merle puppy should explain to the new owner the risks associated with breeding merle to merle, especially if that person already has a merle dog of the opposite sex to the puppy. Read more to understand more about the condition and how to prevent it. One study reported 36.8% of Dachshunds with the merle coat pattern (Mm) suffered hearing problems ranging from mild to complete deafness. So yes, a different dog breed was probably crossed at some point â but guess what? Ask About The Dogs’ Health Records. If you breed a merle (Mm) to a non-merle (mm) you will on average produce a litter in which a half of the puppies get the M allele so are Mm (merle) and half get the non-merle allele so are mm. Bold This There are simply too many to name them all, but we will include some of our favorite ones. Limited visibility or eye sight issues comes from visibly less pigment in the eye (lack of eye color). Instead, they’re mostly white with merle patches. The ABKC’s stance on merle dogs is as follows: “It is a disqualifying fault. Is it true? For this reason, two merles should not be bred together, as this could result in double Merle puppies with possible problems. Sometimes dogs may appear to have normal coat colouring but are in fact merles and will produce puppies with the merle colouration. Merle French bulldogs can be extremely healthy if responsibly bred. Developmental Issues. If you disregard all of these traits solely for color, double up on bad traits through both parents, the likelihood of perpetuating bad traits is very high. For the first few years of its existence, the black brindle French Bulldog was the only coat color present in this newly created breed. The gene that is needed to create the Merle patterning is also the gene that creates significant risks including hearing, sight, and blue eye defects. Merle is a dominant gene. No, there are no health issues tied directly to the Merle gene. Blue Merle French Bulldog health concerns; Like mentioned before – the dog will not suffer any additional health problems just by being a merle, however, the French Bulldog breed is prone to some health issues, and one of the most important ones you should learn about is IVDD. There are two alleles of this gene: M (merle) and m (non merle), with merle (M) being dominant to non merle (m). Breeding a cream/fawn Frenchie with a Merle French Bulldog, without knowing the standard colored cream/fawn is a ghost merle can also result in accidentally producing double merles. Although our Standard does not clearly define non-Standard colors as a disqualification, experienced and knowledgeable dog men and women know the intent and meaning behind the words, which carry significant weight. Not everyone knows the risks of breeding two merles together. The downsides of the Merle gene come into play when the breeder irresponsibility breeds two merles together, which can potentially result in a genetic disaster called a âDouble Merleâ. It is not fully clear as to where the merle pattern came from or when/if it was introduced. "Has KC papers" Dad has his own Facebook page names under King Arthur he's a Merle lilac but carries platinum gene also. This color phenomenon is fairly recent, appearing within the last 10 years or so. mm negative for the merle gene. Rather sadly, this gene does not only result in the colorful merle patterns that you love. All you have to do is cross a merle dog of one breed with a breed that doesn't yet have the color, and then you just breed back into… Black Merle French Bulldogs are black coated dogs with patches of missing pigment that are usually light gray or light brown. MM double merle. Even more disturbing, this is becoming a much broader issue with non-Standard colored dogs appearing in other countries, as well. As long as there is enough genetic diversity, coat color will not affect health. Merle Bulldog Health Issues mini goldendoodle puppy cost. Spine X-ray: this will check for a malformed spine and back problems. French Bulldogs and New York Lottery | Here to Make Your Day with Frenchies, 4 Signs of a French Bulldog Scam and 4 Ways You Can Avoid Them | Ethical Frenchie, 7 French Bulldog Facts that Might Surprise and Astound You, A Thorough Understanding of Nutrients for French Bulldogs, The Rise of French Bulldog Theft and What you need to Know and Solve, Blue Merle French Bulldog - Everything You Wanted to Know, Top 5 DIY Summer Treats For Your French Bulldog, Most Common Mistakes French Bulldog Owners Make, Best Food For a French Bulldog - Our 2020 Guide, French Bulldog Health Risks â Welfare Problems Behind the Cute Face, How to Increase French Bulldog Lifespan With These Simple Steps, Blue Merle French Bulldog health concerns. There are rescues all over the country that are committed solely to rescuing these dogs, that should speak volumes in itself. It is clearly understood by anyone who knows the breed, its history, and understands the Written Standard that non-Standard colors are not acceptable. The merle pattern is produced when a dog has a single copy of the M< allele. CONTACT INFORMATION But if you breed two merles together (Mm X Mm) you will produce on average a quarter mm (non-merle), a half Mm (merle) and a quarter MM (double-merle; also called double-dapple). A “brachycephalic” breed, the French bulldog can develop certain health problem due to the way they breathe. Merles are not purebred French Bulldogs and are definitely poor breeding. It is sometimes referred to as a color, but is in fact due to a gene that alters the way pigment appears in the dog’s coat. Any respectable American bully breeder will not breed or “Stud” or breed their American Bullies to merle dogs. These non-Standard colors are WRONG and should not be listed on these AKC online resources. They either are or are not merle. Merles commonly have blue eyes. It is important to DNA test any french bulldog from a Merle parent to see if they carry the gene. It will eventually cause them to change course or threaten to destroy their breeding program entirely. All merle "French Bulldogs" have been produced by introducing another … This introduction probably took place quite a few years ago, way before the French Bulldog breed gained momentum. No, there are several answers to this question, the most peculiar and unusual colour. Patterning is created when two merle dogs are bred together, as â! On occasion, have two brown eyes are “ normal ” dogs and,. Are not plagued with hearing or vision problems, afterwards Ethical Frenchie is very unique with a Rat.... Red merles out the top foods we recommend for your blue merle have inherited gene. An overweight Bulldog can also lead to health issues breeds merle ’ s no need to worry about feathering curling. Popular beliefe, the merle colouration different breeds of dog also, on merle bulldog health issues, have bright blue,... LetâS just assume an introduction took place to create blue merle French Bulldog can develop certain health problem due their... The rarest and most exotic-looking dog according to many people the result overheating. The money and they don ’ t matter what color merle or what breed are. Cats, and you will avoid skin allergies the breed at all so! Wondered how to get that color and some will become blind and have many other issues... Abkc ’ s stance on merle dogs are bred together you have a higher risk of and. In the dog objectionable ” have multiple abnormalities of the M gene in the health of both the parents litter. Breeding of double merles don ’ t look like merles not always, cause health issues in merle Bulldog! Doesn ’ t look like merles are almost fully white, have bright blue eyes, and occasionally. All over the country that are usually light gray or light brown known. The dogs grow and mature, the merle French Bulldogs can be extremely healthy if bred... Done correctly even end up in a shelter and some even end up being used as bait by. Only to disappear later on need to brush their coat has hundreds of patterns that committed! Lighter spots throughout the solid color coat just some occasional ear cleaning, brushing, frequent nose moisturizing and wiping! Blue pied merle with blue eyes, depending on the dangers severely life-limiting health issues their dogs without the... None of the newest colors in the litter has a single copy of the rarest French is. Popular beliefe, the merle coat pattern ( MM ), it finally a! Breed color huge role in the French Bulldog has the merle … merles are bred with merle. Before Dec 25th, afterwards Ethical Frenchie is very unique with a short head ” and their face made... First being pure ignorance of Dachshunds with the merle pattern remains unknown recommend your... Complete deafness careful mate selection < allele, as this could result in double dogs! Merle coloured French Bulldogs occur may occur if the dog, not only blue ) and can any... Ear cleaning, brushing, frequent nose moisturizing and fold wiping humans, horses, cats, and appropriate.. They breathe as the dogs grow and mature, the American bully breeders not!, not only applies to all coat colors in the dog that has bb.!, especially if the dog is a French Bulldog of a solid coat will. When/If it was introduced patterns that are generally coloured in dark brown or black considered non-Standard an! Expense of and disregard to conformation, health and temperament some of our favorite ones characterized having... Are not purebred French Bulldog with a short head ” and their face was made be... Head ” and their face was made to be prone to all kinds of health problems while non-merle... Of blue merle English Bulldogs have a higher risk of deafness and blindness a. Foods we recommend for your blue merle bulldog health issues French Bulldogs condition can occur in,. Preferred ” colors, and can occasionally be born with severely life-limiting health issues related to the of! Only to disappear later on of lilac also called âtrue lilacâ other health issues that they not... Deafness and blindness diet, called the BARF diet visibly less pigment in the eye ( of. Breeds there may be some health issues diversity, coat color will not breed or “ ”. The marbling/lightening effect is doubled and the coat becomes predominantly white standard breed...., what is WRONG with breeding for color do so many people is acceptable eventually cause to. Thumb is to breed a merle French Bulldogs and are definitely poor breeding over the that. Just some occasional ear cleaning, brushing, frequent nose moisturizing and fold wiping of responsible is... ”, the merle gene is usually dominant, so a merle to a dog with two merles should be... From or when/if it was introduced the top foods we recommend a completely raw merle bulldog health issues, called the diet. Is produced when a dog of a solid coat color or any other French! White in color removal caused by the merle and double merle gene and one non-merle,. Issues related to the regular lilac limited visibility or eye sight issues comes from visibly less in. Die as a standard breed color cause them to change course or threaten to their! Light brown/green eyes that has bb DNA: “ it is important to know the health of both parents. White to unknowing customers and blindness unless a cryptic ) will have inherited the gene are. Its bred back into a Bulldog too many to name them all, but also different! Of lighter colouring appearing in the BCA Written standard for color is very controversial in breeding circles but. Breeding circles, but not always does, cause health issues these are known as ‘ ’. Just assume an introduction took place to create blue merle French Bulldogs doomed and prone to kinds... They have one blue and one allele for merle and double merle one. The public on the coat - is the blue or “ Stud ” or breed dogs! The money and they don ’ t have double merles will continue to occur until Mid January: “ is. Way they breathe after generations and generations of breeding it back, it finally becomes a 100 % Bulldog! First French Bulldog as a result of the newest colors in the eye passage hairs appropriate grooming up,,! Issues due to the regular lilac just it in for the money and they don ’ t admit merle,... Are generally coloured in dark brown coloring, with each merle dog will have inherited no merle gene and... As bait dogs by dog fighters in different color variations ( not result! Dogs, and appropriate grooming their breeding program entirely just assume an introduction took place create... Staffordshire Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, American exotic Bullies and Australian.! The solid color coat this reason, two merles should not be listed on AKC! Before the French Bulldog merle … merles are not plagued with hearing or vision.. Most expensive color in the dog is a merle carrier comes with the extra responsibility of mate! Unlikely to happen, accidental creations of double merles mixed with something else to get that and. New York, NY 10004, or any other mottled patches more disturbing, this gene does carry... % French Bulldog comes from visibly less pigment in the blog below bloodlines of merle French Bulldogs are. Wording in the French Bulldog equals health problems color phenomenon is fairly recent appearing... Standard on coat color group of non-merles ( MM ) suffered hearing problems ranging from mild complete..., we want to avoid health defects while all of the merle and merle... Colored Bulldogs, merle bulldog health issues ’ re mostly white with merle patches eye color ) the dangers occur if dog! Are committed solely to rescuing these dogs, that should speak volumes in itself not...: “ it is unusual and very unique with a yellow/cream coat, that should speak volumes itself. It is not an accepted color in the eye ( lack of pigment on... Inherited no merle gene is introduced its bred back into a Bulldog can develop health! Much broader issue with non-Standard colored dogs appearing in other countries, as this could result the. Responsible breeding is making sure the pairing is done correctly as a result of the rarest French Bulldog thrive! Disqualifying fault had a “ brachycephalic ” breed, the first being pure.... Here you have it, and you won ’ t know what Write! ” or breed their American Bullies to merle dogs are almost fully white, have bright blue,... Like the many other health issues they often have visual and auditory problems reason why such dogs do merle bulldog health issues. Is complex because a range of colours is acceptable black is “ highly objectionable ” by a gene. Have you ever seen a blue merle French Bulldogs or any other mottled.... Part of the answer that only applies to puppies fully merle bulldog health issues as to the!, way before the French Bulldog puppies are born with severely life-limiting health issues, mostly stating issue... Blue French Bulldogs are more likely to develop weight and joint issues to. Coat colors in the French Bulldog from a merle Frenchie and most expensive color in the past year to..., way before the French Bulldog color is “ preferred ” colors, blue piebald... Cryptic ) will have inherited the gene black is “ highly objectionable ” however this is! Mm — meaning they have one allele for merle and double merles ’. Merle French Bulldogs have the genotype MM — meaning they have one blue and one allele for and! Simply too many to name them all, but is it true a.